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www.sss089.com_www.sss050.com-【丰富奖赏】

文章来源:SEO    发布时间:2019-10-17 09:41:03  【字号:      】

www.sss089.com_www.sss050.com-【丰富奖赏】TodaymarkstheanniversaryofthedeathofLuXun,arguablythegreatestChinesewriterofthe20thcentury.ConsideredthefoundingfatherofmodernChineseliterature,LuXunhadahugeinfluencenotonlyonhisowncountry’sliterarymovementbutalsoitsoveralldevelopment.Bornin1881inShaoxing,Zhejiangprovince,ZhouShuren(LuXunwasapenname)publishedhisfirstshortstory,DiaryofaMadman,in1918.Knownforhisincisivestyle,LuXunwasamasterofironyandsatire,butonecanalsofindinhisworksdeepempathyforthefoolishnessandapathythathecriticizedinChinesesociety.Sincemanyofhisworksarestillcompulsoryreadinginschools,almosteveryeducatedpersoncanrecallseveralofLuXun’srenownedsayings.Hereare10quotesthatshowtheliterarymasterathismostpenetrating—mostofwhicharestillrelevanttoday.TodaymarkstheanniversaryofthedeathofLuXun,arguablythegreatestChinesewriterofthe20thcentury.ConsideredthefoundingfatherofmodernChineseliterature,LuXunhadahugeinfluencenotonlyonhisowncountry’sliterarymovementbutalsoitsoveralldevelopment.Bornin1881inShaoxing,Zhejiangprovince,ZhouShuren(LuXunwasapenname)publishedhisfirstshortstory,DiaryofaMadman,in1918.Knownforhisincisivestyle,LuXunwasamasterofironyandsatire,butonecanalsofindinhisworksdeepempathyforthefoolishnessandapathythathecriticizedinChinesesociety.Sincemanyofhisworksarestillcompulsoryreadinginschools,almosteveryeducatedpersoncanrecallseveralofLuXun’srenownedsayings.Hereare10quotesthatshowtheliterarymasterathismostpenetrating—mostofwhicharestillrelevanttoday.November11hasarrived,andsohastheurgeto.AsloyalTWOCreaderswillknowbynow,thisso-called“SinglesDay”isnoancientfestivalof,nordoesitmarkanysolartermofthe.Instead,itwaslonelycollegestudentssometimeinthe1990s,andturneditinto“”byshoppingsites.Sincetheinternetisaplaceofboundlesscreativity,SinglesDayisnotthefirstorlast“webholiday”(网络节日)totaketheyouthworldbystorm(andmakee-merchantsseeyuansigns).Hereareafewothermodernmade-upcelebrations,intheordertheyoccurduringtheyear:

Ms.Wustartedeverymorningofhertwo-dayvacationinPraguewith4a.m.wake-upcalls.Beforenoon,WuandherhusbandhadheldhandsontheCharlesBridge,satwithswansbytheVltavaRiver,andkissedonthePragueCastlegrounds.Intheirrentedwhitegownandtuxedo,theysmiledagainandagainforbemusedtourists—andtwoprofessionalphotographershiredtodocumenteverymoment.Around11a.m.,Wu’sregimenwasforcedtopauseforthemiddaylightandgrowingcrowds,beforeresumingfromlateafternoontosundown(whichisaslateas9p.m.insomeareasofEuropeduringsummer).TheschedulelefttheSichuannativewithlittletimeforsightseeingorrelaxation,butWuhasnoregrets.“Ilikedthebackgroundofred-roofedhouses,”shetellsTWOC.“It’swhatwewantedforourweddingphotos.”AnauthenticBohemianbackgrounddoesn’tcomecheapfornewlywedslikeWu,whoaskedonlytobeidentifiedbyhersurname(anddeclinedtostateexactlyhowmuchshepaidforherentourage.)AsearchoflistingsonTaobaorevealspricesfrom20,000to100,000RMBfor“weddinggowntravelphotography,”orhunshalüpai(婚纱旅拍),inPrague.TheCzechcapitalisoneofthetopdestinationsforsuchphotoshootsonthePinterest-likesocialmediaplatform,LittleRedBook.WuandherhusbandmetupwiththeirChinesephotographersandmakeupartistlocally,butsomecouplespaymoretobringalongtheirownphotographerorvideographeronacustommulti-cityitinerary.Otherssplurgeonanall-inclusivetour:transportation,hotel,costumerental,languageassistance,andalocalguide.DestinationphotoshootsmaybeonereasonthatChina’sweddingphotographymarketisstillgrowingatasteadyrateof1-2percentperyear,althoughmarriagerateshavedeclinedsince2013.By2023,theindustryisexpectedtobeworth63.7billionRMB—eventhough,bythen,it’sestimatedonly60percentasmanymarriageswilltakeplaceascomparedtoadecadeago.It’snotclearwhenorhowlüpaibecametrendy,butitsriseisdefinitelyrecent.AcommonexplanationcitesTaiwanesepopsingerJayChou,whoseweddingphotosfromPraguein2014led,anecdotally,toanincreaseinwhite-cladearlyrisersposingontheCharlesBridge.Guangzhou-basedphotographerLiuXiaoyingagrees,recallingthatwhensheandherhusbandstartedtheirstudio,APlusFilm,in2014,destinationshootswereuncommon.Toattractbusiness,theycalledupweddingplanningcompaniesandslashedtheirfees.Today,though,thetwophotographersspendanaverage180daysayearabroad,flyingtomeetcouplesatadozeniconicdestinations,suchasParis,Prague,CinqueTerre,Iceland,Bali,andTurkey.Thelatteristhisyear’snewhotlüpaicountry,accordingtoLiu.“It’sthemostpopularlocationonLittleRedBook;it’sconsideredmysteriousandexotic,comparedtosomepartsofEuropewherelotsofpeoplehavegone,”shesays.“Lüpaiisdefinitelyabouttrendsandcompetition.Peopleareinfluencedtogoonthembecausetheirfriendshavebeen.”Europeremainsthequintessentiallüpaidestination,perhapsduetotheuniquehistoryofweddingphotographyinChina.Inthe1930s,itwasbrieflyinvogueforeliteShanghaibridesinwhitegownstophotographtheirWestern-stylechurchweddings,butduringtheMaoistera,the“fashion”turnedtoproletarianposesandplaingarb.NewlywedsduringtheCulturalRevolutionweremostfondofbeingphotographedwithadifferentlittleredbook:TheQuotationsofChairmanMao.BythetimeWesternweddingelementsreturnedinthe80s,theywerestrippedofreligiousceremonyandbecameconsumeristsymbolsofChina’sopeningup.PortraitstudiosprovidedbackdropswithchurchesandEuropeanarchitecturetoreinforcetheWesternaesthetic.Itwasfashionforcouplestodisplayanenlargedweddingphotointheirlivingroom;thus,asChinesehomesincreasedinsizeandsophistication,photoshootsbecamemoreelaborate.Wubelievestherecentvoguefordestinationweddingphotographyisgenerational.“Olderpeoplewereusedtotakingphotosinastudio,butmygenerationprefersmorespontaneousshotsandoutdoorsettings,”shesays.AcrossChina,thesefeelingshavesentphalanxesofnewlywedstoposeinformercolonialconcessions—GulangyuIslandinXiamen,theBundinShanghai—andareaswithimitationEuropeanarchitecture,suchasTianjin’s“FlorenceTown”housingdistrictortheWorldParkinBeijing.ButtraditionalChinesearchitecturehasalsograbbednewlyweds’attention:In2015,theImperialAncestralTempleoutsidetheForbiddenCityevenbegancharging800RMBforweddingshootsonitspremises,claimingthefeeistocompensatefortheinconveniencecausedtoothervisitors.OpinionsaboutChinesecouples’architecturaltastesaredivided.“AsapersonofChineseblood…weddingphotosinJapan,Europe,ortheUSfeeltoohackneyed;thepersondoesn’tmatchthescenery,”opinedonenewlywed,whooptedtotakephotosattheForbiddenCity,inatraveldiaryonMafengwo.com.Forothers,it’slessaboutthenationalityofthebackdrop,thantheauthenticity.“Thelocalcolorandenjoymentoftravelarenotthingsyoucanreplicate,”saysLiu.ThemajorityofLiu’slüpaiclientsarethose,likeWu,whohaveexperiencesofvisitingorstudyinginforeigncountries(whichhelpswhenapplyingforvisas).“AstheChineseeconomyimproves,thecostoftravelingabroadislowered,especiallycomparedwithtravelingdomestically,”sheexplains.RoundtripairfaretoEuropecanbeaslowas3,000RMB,whileflightswithinChinasometimesexceed2,000RMB.Thenonehastoconsiderthequalityoftheexperience.“AtmanyChinesedestinations,thoughit’sbeautiful,theinfrastructureisn’tthereforagoodtourismexperience,comparedtoEuropeancountries,”Liusays.“There’ssomethingemotionallyfulfillingaboutvisitingadevelopedcountryandseeingtheworld,seeingthediversearchitectureandcultures,thelocalscongratulatingyouastheypassby—theclientsgetalotofenjoyment.”ForWu,adestinationshootwassimplymoreinterestingthangoingtoastudioorareplica.“WegetsofewholidaysinChina,sowewantedtomakeoursspecial,”shesays.“Wewanttobeabletolookbackonourweddingphotoslaterandrecallmemories.”Evensheadmits,though,thatherphotographicitinerarywasn’tconduciveforsoakingupthelocalcolor.“AfterPrague,wewenttoAustriaforafewdays.Justus,justsightseeing—nocameras.”“GownAbroad’”isastoryfromourissue,“”.Toreadtheentireissue,becomeaandreceivethe.Alternatively,youcanpurchasethedigitalversionfromthe.ArticlebyTodaymarkstheanniversaryofthedeathofLuXun,arguablythegreatestChinesewriterofthe20thcentury.ConsideredthefoundingfatherofmodernChineseliterature,LuXunhadahugeinfluencenotonlyonhisowncountry’sliterarymovementbutalsoitsoveralldevelopment.Bornin1881inShaoxing,Zhejiangprovince,ZhouShuren(LuXunwasapenname)publishedhisfirstshortstory,DiaryofaMadman,in1918.Knownforhisincisivestyle,LuXunwasamasterofironyandsatire,butonecanalsofindinhisworksdeepempathyforthefoolishnessandapathythathecriticizedinChinesesociety.Sincemanyofhisworksarestillcompulsoryreadinginschools,almosteveryeducatedpersoncanrecallseveralofLuXun’srenownedsayings.Hereare10quotesthatshowtheliterarymasterathismostpenetrating—mostofwhicharestillrelevanttoday.TodaymarkstheanniversaryofthedeathofLuXun,arguablythegreatestChinesewriterofthe20thcentury.ConsideredthefoundingfatherofmodernChineseliterature,LuXunhadahugeinfluencenotonlyonhisowncountry’sliterarymovementbutalsoitsoveralldevelopment.Bornin1881inShaoxing,Zhejiangprovince,ZhouShuren(LuXunwasapenname)publishedhisfirstshortstory,DiaryofaMadman,in1918.Knownforhisincisivestyle,LuXunwasamasterofironyandsatire,butonecanalsofindinhisworksdeepempathyforthefoolishnessandapathythathecriticizedinChinesesociety.Sincemanyofhisworksarestillcompulsoryreadinginschools,almosteveryeducatedpersoncanrecallseveralofLuXun’srenownedsayings.Hereare10quotesthatshowtheliterarymasterathismostpenetrating—mostofwhicharestillrelevanttoday.TodaymarkstheanniversaryofthedeathofLuXun,arguablythegreatestChinesewriterofthe20thcentury.ConsideredthefoundingfatherofmodernChineseliterature,LuXunhadahugeinfluencenotonlyonhisowncountry’sliterarymovementbutalsoitsoveralldevelopment.Bornin1881inShaoxing,Zhejiangprovince,ZhouShuren(LuXunwasapenname)publishedhisfirstshortstory,DiaryofaMadman,in1918.Knownforhisincisivestyle,LuXunwasamasterofironyandsatire,butonecanalsofindinhisworksdeepempathyforthefoolishnessandapathythathecriticizedinChinesesociety.Sincemanyofhisworksarestillcompulsoryreadinginschools,almosteveryeducatedpersoncanrecallseveralofLuXun’srenownedsayings.Hereare10quotesthatshowtheliterarymasterathismostpenetrating—mostofwhicharestillrelevanttoday.

Lily(pseudonym)didnotthinktwiceaboutwhenafamilyfriend’scolleagueofferedtodriveherhomeafterdinner.Hewassober,herplacewasontheway,and,besides,herfriendwasapowerfulguy.Noonewouldwanttoupsethim.Theirconversationwasinnocentenough,astheydiscussedhowhis10-year-oldsonshouldstudytoattendatopuniversitylikeher.Butwhentheyarrived,heleanedovertoforciblykissher.Forweeksafterwards,hecontinuouslytextedher,askingherouttodinners,clubs,andKTVsbeforefinallytakingthehinttostop.There’snothingunusualaboutastorylikeLily’s.Theprivatelivesofmanymarriedmenarefilledwithmistresses,mysterygirlfriends,andKTVvisits,ifrumorsandreportsarebelieved.RenminUniversity’sProfessorPanSuiming,aspecialistonChinesesexlives,hasestimatedthat34.8percentofmenhadengagedinsexualrelationsoutsideofmarriage—aconservativefigure.AnonlinepollbyTencenthadthenumberevenhigher,at60percent(andthat’sjustthosewhoadmitit).Theissueisprevalentenoughtohavespawnedaminorindustry,devotedtoprovidingsolutionstotheproblemofhavinganunwanted“littlethird”(小三)inyourlife,asmistressesareoftencalled.Teamsofexpensiveexperts—knownas“mistressdispellers”—claimtoofferwivestipsandmakeoveradvicetoreclaimtheirwanderingspouses,whilepromisingtowardoffmistresseswitharangeofdubioustacticslikebriberyandthreats.AnthropologistJohnOsburgisnotsurprisedbythesestudies.Duringresearchforhis2013book,AnxiousWealth:MoneyandMoralityAmongChina’sNewRich,theassociateprofessorofanthropologyattheUniversityofRochesterbefriendedandinterviewednumerouswealthybusinessmeninsouthwestSichuanprovince.“Theinfidelityrateofmyresearchsubjectswasnearly100percent,”hetoldTWOC.“Ofcourse,mysamplesizewasrelativelysmallandthesubjectshadalotofsimilarities.”Althoughinfidelityisnothingnewinsociety,theissuehasgainedpublicattentioninrecentyearsinpartduetoChina’sskyrocketingdivorcerate,whichhasdoubledinthelastdecade,withmanycitingextramaritalaffairsasthecause.In2017,arepresentativeoftheBeijingNo.2IntermediatePeople’sCourttoldtheSouthChinaMorningPostthat93percentofdivorcesstemmedfromeitheraffairsordomesticviolence.Inanattempttoclampdownondivorceandpromote“traditionalfamilyvalues,”thegovernmentisintroducinga“coolingoff”forcouplesseekingseparation,duringwhichtheyareencouragedtoreconciletheirdifferencesthroughcounseling.Parentalpressuremayalsohavehelpedpreserveunhappymarriagesinthepast—but,accordingtoBeijingmarriagecounselorLiKening,whohasworkedforovernineyearsinthesuburbanTongzhoudistrict,thesituationisquitedifferenttoday.“Someyoungcouplesareactuallybeingpressuredtodivorcebytheirparents,”LitoldTWOC.“Ifawoman’sparentshearthatherhusbandhashadanaffair,orisnottreatingherright,theymaytellhertoseekadivorce.Likewise,mothersof妈宝男(mommy’sboys)findconstantfaultwiththeirdaughters-in-law—evendivorceablefaults.”BeijingerMr.Zhengagrees.Believingthatcitylifemakespeoplemoreliberal,heisn’tpushinghis31-year-oldsonintomarriage,preferringhimtofindawomanwithwhomhehasemotionalandphysicalchemistry.However,“Ifmysonfellinlovewithanotherwomanandwantedtoleavehiswife,Iwouldadvisehimtoworkhardertomakehisfirstmarriagework;ifIcouldn’tpersuadehim,Iwouldsupporthisdecisiontodivorce,”Zhengsaid.“IamChinese,anditisstillimportanttokeepthefamilytradition.”Whiletheone-childpolicyhasundoubtedlyelevatedtheimportanceoftheirchild’spersonalfulfillmentandhappinessinparents’minds,Osburg’sresearchprovidesotherinsights.OnemajorreasonthatOsburg’sresearchsubjectsdidnotpursuedivorcewaspeer—ratherthanfamily—pressure.Hecitedthecaseofabusinessmanwhofellinlovewithanightclubdancer,butultimatelydecidedtostaywithhiswife,outofconcernforhowhisbusinessassociatesandpeerswouldviewsuchapartner,orjudgehischaracterandsenseoffamilialresponsibility.Ontheotherhand,Osburgnoted,hissubjectsseemedtobehappier—andmore“inlove”—withtheirmistressesthantheirwives.The1950MarriageLaw,whichabolishedarrangedmarriages,wasnotquitethesocietalgame-changeritfirstappeared.Classdifferenceswereaperennialobstacle,traditionanother:Parentsstillhadagreatdealofsayintheirchildren’saffairs,matchmakingremainedprevalentbehindthescenes,andtherewasvirtuallynodatingculture.Marriagesanddivorcesevenneededapprovalbyeachpartner’sworkunit.InfluencedbynewmodelsofromanceandpartnershipinHollywoodmoviesandCantopopinthereformera,youngpeoplewantedtomarryforlove,althoughmanydidnotknowhow.Osburgsayshissubjectsoftentalkedaboutfatherhood,andtheirprideintheirchildren,butrarelytheirsatisfactionwithmarriage.Instead,theylamentedtheirlackofexperience,ortheirinnocenceatthetimeoftheirmarriages.“Iwentoutwith[awoman]andeverybodystartedtalkingaboutusgettingmarried,sowedid”wasatypicalrefrain.Andwhilereformbroughtbackromance,italsomarkedoutnewinequalities.Whileancientconcubinecultureusuallycamealongsideamoraljustification—gettingmaleheirstocontinuethefamilyline—inadditiontostatus-signalingforelitemen,Osburgstatesthatthewealthgaphasexacerbatedgenderinequality,creatingareadysupplyofyoungwomenwillingtobecomemistressesformaterialgain.Hissubjectslamentthatsomewomennowthrowthemselvesatwealthymen,hopingthatanaffairwouldprovidethemwithfinancialsupport—or,asthesayinggoes,“Amangoesbadwhenhegetsrich,awomangoesbadtogetrich.”Asformen,mistressescanbeastatussymbol,especiallyasthegenderdisparitycausedbytheone-childpolicyhasmadewomenararer“commodity.”Tencent’ssurveysuggeststhatmenwithhigherincomesaremorelikelytocheat,andthatIT,finance,andeducationarethemostadulterousprofessions.Osburgobservesthatmanyofhissubjectsworklonghoursoutsideofthehome,andsomeworryaboutbeingconsideredprudishiftheydonotjoinbusinesspartnersandcolleaguesinbondingactivitiesinvolvingalcoholandprostitutes.Then,therearethosewhorationalizeinfidelityasthat’sjusthowmenare.However,Linotesthatadulteryisnownolongerthepreserveofthewealthy.“Itusedtobethattokeepamistress,youneededtoberich,”hetellsTWOC.“Withtherisinguseofsocialmedia,wearestartingtoseelotsofpeoplepursuingone-nightstands,manyofwhichcanbloomintofull-onaffairs.”Asdivorcebecomeslesstaboo,datingculturemoreprevalent,andparentslessabletoexertcontrolovertheirchildren’slovelives,bothsexesarefindingmoreopportunitiestopursuetheirideallifepartner—whichmay,intheend,haveapositiveinfluenceonreducinginfidelity.There’sevenhopeforthecurrent“divorcegeneration,”Lisuggests:“Peoplecanlearnfromtheirfailedmarriagesandbetterpreparefortheirnextone.”AdditionalreportingbyTanYunfei(谭云飞)“StateofAffairs”isastoryfromourissue,“”.Toreadtheentireissue,becomeaandreceivethe.Alternatively,youcanpurchasethedigitalversionfromthe.ArticlebyLily(pseudonym)didnotthinktwiceaboutwhenafamilyfriend’scolleagueofferedtodriveherhomeafterdinner.Hewassober,herplacewasontheway,and,besides,herfriendwasapowerfulguy.Noonewouldwanttoupsethim.Theirconversationwasinnocentenough,astheydiscussedhowhis10-year-oldsonshouldstudytoattendatopuniversitylikeher.Butwhentheyarrived,heleanedovertoforciblykissher.Forweeksafterwards,hecontinuouslytextedher,askingherouttodinners,clubs,andKTVsbeforefinallytakingthehinttostop.There’snothingunusualaboutastorylikeLily’s.Theprivatelivesofmanymarriedmenarefilledwithmistresses,mysterygirlfriends,andKTVvisits,ifrumorsandreportsarebelieved.RenminUniversity’sProfessorPanSuiming,aspecialistonChinesesexlives,hasestimatedthat34.8percentofmenhadengagedinsexualrelationsoutsideofmarriage—aconservativefigure.AnonlinepollbyTencenthadthenumberevenhigher,at60percent(andthat’sjustthosewhoadmitit).Theissueisprevalentenoughtohavespawnedaminorindustry,devotedtoprovidingsolutionstotheproblemofhavinganunwanted“littlethird”(小三)inyourlife,asmistressesareoftencalled.Teamsofexpensiveexperts—knownas“mistressdispellers”—claimtoofferwivestipsandmakeoveradvicetoreclaimtheirwanderingspouses,whilepromisingtowardoffmistresseswitharangeofdubioustacticslikebriberyandthreats.AnthropologistJohnOsburgisnotsurprisedbythesestudies.Duringresearchforhis2013book,AnxiousWealth:MoneyandMoralityAmongChina’sNewRich,theassociateprofessorofanthropologyattheUniversityofRochesterbefriendedandinterviewednumerouswealthybusinessmeninsouthwestSichuanprovince.“Theinfidelityrateofmyresearchsubjectswasnearly100percent,”hetoldTWOC.“Ofcourse,mysamplesizewasrelativelysmallandthesubjectshadalotofsimilarities.”Althoughinfidelityisnothingnewinsociety,theissuehasgainedpublicattentioninrecentyearsinpartduetoChina’sskyrocketingdivorcerate,whichhasdoubledinthelastdecade,withmanycitingextramaritalaffairsasthecause.In2017,arepresentativeoftheBeijingNo.2IntermediatePeople’sCourttoldtheSouthChinaMorningPostthat93percentofdivorcesstemmedfromeitheraffairsordomesticviolence.Inanattempttoclampdownondivorceandpromote“traditionalfamilyvalues,”thegovernmentisintroducinga“coolingoff”forcouplesseekingseparation,duringwhichtheyareencouragedtoreconciletheirdifferencesthroughcounseling.Parentalpressuremayalsohavehelpedpreserveunhappymarriagesinthepast—but,accordingtoBeijingmarriagecounselorLiKening,whohasworkedforovernineyearsinthesuburbanTongzhoudistrict,thesituationisquitedifferenttoday.“Someyoungcouplesareactuallybeingpressuredtodivorcebytheirparents,”LitoldTWOC.“Ifawoman’sparentshearthatherhusbandhashadanaffair,orisnottreatingherright,theymaytellhertoseekadivorce.Likewise,mothersof妈宝男(mommy’sboys)findconstantfaultwiththeirdaughters-in-law—evendivorceablefaults.”BeijingerMr.Zhengagrees.Believingthatcitylifemakespeoplemoreliberal,heisn’tpushinghis31-year-oldsonintomarriage,preferringhimtofindawomanwithwhomhehasemotionalandphysicalchemistry.However,“Ifmysonfellinlovewithanotherwomanandwantedtoleavehiswife,Iwouldadvisehimtoworkhardertomakehisfirstmarriagework;ifIcouldn’tpersuadehim,Iwouldsupporthisdecisiontodivorce,”Zhengsaid.“IamChinese,anditisstillimportanttokeepthefamilytradition.”Whiletheone-childpolicyhasundoubtedlyelevatedtheimportanceoftheirchild’spersonalfulfillmentandhappinessinparents’minds,Osburg’sresearchprovidesotherinsights.OnemajorreasonthatOsburg’sresearchsubjectsdidnotpursuedivorcewaspeer—ratherthanfamily—pressure.Hecitedthecaseofabusinessmanwhofellinlovewithanightclubdancer,butultimatelydecidedtostaywithhiswife,outofconcernforhowhisbusinessassociatesandpeerswouldviewsuchapartner,orjudgehischaracterandsenseoffamilialresponsibility.Ontheotherhand,Osburgnoted,hissubjectsseemedtobehappier—andmore“inlove”—withtheirmistressesthantheirwives.The1950MarriageLaw,whichabolishedarrangedmarriages,wasnotquitethesocietalgame-changeritfirstappeared.Classdifferenceswereaperennialobstacle,traditionanother:Parentsstillhadagreatdealofsayintheirchildren’saffairs,matchmakingremainedprevalentbehindthescenes,andtherewasvirtuallynodatingculture.Marriagesanddivorcesevenneededapprovalbyeachpartner’sworkunit.InfluencedbynewmodelsofromanceandpartnershipinHollywoodmoviesandCantopopinthereformera,youngpeoplewantedtomarryforlove,althoughmanydidnotknowhow.Osburgsayshissubjectsoftentalkedaboutfatherhood,andtheirprideintheirchildren,butrarelytheirsatisfactionwithmarriage.Instead,theylamentedtheirlackofexperience,ortheirinnocenceatthetimeoftheirmarriages.“Iwentoutwith[awoman]andeverybodystartedtalkingaboutusgettingmarried,sowedid”wasatypicalrefrain.Andwhilereformbroughtbackromance,italsomarkedoutnewinequalities.Whileancientconcubinecultureusuallycamealongsideamoraljustification—gettingmaleheirstocontinuethefamilyline—inadditiontostatus-signalingforelitemen,Osburgstatesthatthewealthgaphasexacerbatedgenderinequality,creatingareadysupplyofyoungwomenwillingtobecomemistressesformaterialgain.Hissubjectslamentthatsomewomennowthrowthemselvesatwealthymen,hopingthatanaffairwouldprovidethemwithfinancialsupport—or,asthesayinggoes,“Amangoesbadwhenhegetsrich,awomangoesbadtogetrich.”Asformen,mistressescanbeastatussymbol,especiallyasthegenderdisparitycausedbytheone-childpolicyhasmadewomenararer“commodity.”Tencent’ssurveysuggeststhatmenwithhigherincomesaremorelikelytocheat,andthatIT,finance,andeducationarethemostadulterousprofessions.Osburgobservesthatmanyofhissubjectsworklonghoursoutsideofthehome,andsomeworryaboutbeingconsideredprudishiftheydonotjoinbusinesspartnersandcolleaguesinbondingactivitiesinvolvingalcoholandprostitutes.Then,therearethosewhorationalizeinfidelityasthat’sjusthowmenare.However,Linotesthatadulteryisnownolongerthepreserveofthewealthy.“Itusedtobethattokeepamistress,youneededtoberich,”hetellsTWOC.“Withtherisinguseofsocialmedia,wearestartingtoseelotsofpeoplepursuingone-nightstands,manyofwhichcanbloomintofull-onaffairs.”Asdivorcebecomeslesstaboo,datingculturemoreprevalent,andparentslessabletoexertcontrolovertheirchildren’slovelives,bothsexesarefindingmoreopportunitiestopursuetheirideallifepartner—whichmay,intheend,haveapositiveinfluenceonreducinginfidelity.There’sevenhopeforthecurrent“divorcegeneration,”Lisuggests:“Peoplecanlearnfromtheirfailedmarriagesandbetterpreparefortheirnextone.”AdditionalreportingbyTanYunfei(谭云飞)“StateofAffairs”isastoryfromourissue,“”.Toreadtheentireissue,becomeaandreceivethe.Alternatively,youcanpurchasethedigitalversionfromthe.ArticlebyLily(pseudonym)didnotthinktwiceaboutwhenafamilyfriend’scolleagueofferedtodriveherhomeafterdinner.Hewassober,herplacewasontheway,and,besides,herfriendwasapowerfulguy.Noonewouldwanttoupsethim.Theirconversationwasinnocentenough,astheydiscussedhowhis10-year-oldsonshouldstudytoattendatopuniversitylikeher.Butwhentheyarrived,heleanedovertoforciblykissher.Forweeksafterwards,hecontinuouslytextedher,askingherouttodinners,clubs,andKTVsbeforefinallytakingthehinttostop.There’snothingunusualaboutastorylikeLily’s.Theprivatelivesofmanymarriedmenarefilledwithmistresses,mysterygirlfriends,andKTVvisits,ifrumorsandreportsarebelieved.RenminUniversity’sProfessorPanSuiming,aspecialistonChinesesexlives,hasestimatedthat34.8percentofmenhadengagedinsexualrelationsoutsideofmarriage—aconservativefigure.AnonlinepollbyTencenthadthenumberevenhigher,at60percent(andthat’sjustthosewhoadmitit).Theissueisprevalentenoughtohavespawnedaminorindustry,devotedtoprovidingsolutionstotheproblemofhavinganunwanted“littlethird”(小三)inyourlife,asmistressesareoftencalled.Teamsofexpensiveexperts—knownas“mistressdispellers”—claimtoofferwivestipsandmakeoveradvicetoreclaimtheirwanderingspouses,whilepromisingtowardoffmistresseswitharangeofdubioustacticslikebriberyandthreats.AnthropologistJohnOsburgisnotsurprisedbythesestudies.Duringresearchforhis2013book,AnxiousWealth:MoneyandMoralityAmongChina’sNewRich,theassociateprofessorofanthropologyattheUniversityofRochesterbefriendedandinterviewednumerouswealthybusinessmeninsouthwestSichuanprovince.“Theinfidelityrateofmyresearchsubjectswasnearly100percent,”hetoldTWOC.“Ofcourse,mysamplesizewasrelativelysmallandthesubjectshadalotofsimilarities.”Althoughinfidelityisnothingnewinsociety,theissuehasgainedpublicattentioninrecentyearsinpartduetoChina’sskyrocketingdivorcerate,whichhasdoubledinthelastdecade,withmanycitingextramaritalaffairsasthecause.In2017,arepresentativeoftheBeijingNo.2IntermediatePeople’sCourttoldtheSouthChinaMorningPostthat93percentofdivorcesstemmedfromeitheraffairsordomesticviolence.Inanattempttoclampdownondivorceandpromote“traditionalfamilyvalues,”thegovernmentisintroducinga“coolingoff”forcouplesseekingseparation,duringwhichtheyareencouragedtoreconciletheirdifferencesthroughcounseling.Parentalpressuremayalsohavehelpedpreserveunhappymarriagesinthepast—but,accordingtoBeijingmarriagecounselorLiKening,whohasworkedforovernineyearsinthesuburbanTongzhoudistrict,thesituationisquitedifferenttoday.“Someyoungcouplesareactuallybeingpressuredtodivorcebytheirparents,”LitoldTWOC.“Ifawoman’sparentshearthatherhusbandhashadanaffair,orisnottreatingherright,theymaytellhertoseekadivorce.Likewise,mothersof妈宝男(mommy’sboys)findconstantfaultwiththeirdaughters-in-law—evendivorceablefaults.”BeijingerMr.Zhengagrees.Believingthatcitylifemakespeoplemoreliberal,heisn’tpushinghis31-year-oldsonintomarriage,preferringhimtofindawomanwithwhomhehasemotionalandphysicalchemistry.However,“Ifmysonfellinlovewithanotherwomanandwantedtoleavehiswife,Iwouldadvisehimtoworkhardertomakehisfirstmarriagework;ifIcouldn’tpersuadehim,Iwouldsupporthisdecisiontodivorce,”Zhengsaid.“IamChinese,anditisstillimportanttokeepthefamilytradition.”Whiletheone-childpolicyhasundoubtedlyelevatedtheimportanceoftheirchild’spersonalfulfillmentandhappinessinparents’minds,Osburg’sresearchprovidesotherinsights.OnemajorreasonthatOsburg’sresearchsubjectsdidnotpursuedivorcewaspeer—ratherthanfamily—pressure.Hecitedthecaseofabusinessmanwhofellinlovewithanightclubdancer,butultimatelydecidedtostaywithhiswife,outofconcernforhowhisbusinessassociatesandpeerswouldviewsuchapartner,orjudgehischaracterandsenseoffamilialresponsibility.Ontheotherhand,Osburgnoted,hissubjectsseemedtobehappier—andmore“inlove”—withtheirmistressesthantheirwives.The1950MarriageLaw,whichabolishedarrangedmarriages,wasnotquitethesocietalgame-changeritfirstappeared.Classdifferenceswereaperennialobstacle,traditionanother:Parentsstillhadagreatdealofsayintheirchildren’saffairs,matchmakingremainedprevalentbehindthescenes,andtherewasvirtuallynodatingculture.Marriagesanddivorcesevenneededapprovalbyeachpartner’sworkunit.InfluencedbynewmodelsofromanceandpartnershipinHollywoodmoviesandCantopopinthereformera,youngpeoplewantedtomarryforlove,althoughmanydidnotknowhow.Osburgsayshissubjectsoftentalkedaboutfatherhood,andtheirprideintheirchildren,butrarelytheirsatisfactionwithmarriage.Instead,theylamentedtheirlackofexperience,ortheirinnocenceatthetimeoftheirmarriages.“Iwentoutwith[awoman]andeverybodystartedtalkingaboutusgettingmarried,sowedid”wasatypicalrefrain.Andwhilereformbroughtbackromance,italsomarkedoutnewinequalities.Whileancientconcubinecultureusuallycamealongsideamoraljustification—gettingmaleheirstocontinuethefamilyline—inadditiontostatus-signalingforelitemen,Osburgstatesthatthewealthgaphasexacerbatedgenderinequality,creatingareadysupplyofyoungwomenwillingtobecomemistressesformaterialgain.Hissubjectslamentthatsomewomennowthrowthemselvesatwealthymen,hopingthatanaffairwouldprovidethemwithfinancialsupport—or,asthesayinggoes,“Amangoesbadwhenhegetsrich,awomangoesbadtogetrich.”Asformen,mistressescanbeastatussymbol,especiallyasthegenderdisparitycausedbytheone-childpolicyhasmadewomenararer“commodity.”Tencent’ssurveysuggeststhatmenwithhigherincomesaremorelikelytocheat,andthatIT,finance,andeducationarethemostadulterousprofessions.Osburgobservesthatmanyofhissubjectsworklonghoursoutsideofthehome,andsomeworryaboutbeingconsideredprudishiftheydonotjoinbusinesspartnersandcolleaguesinbondingactivitiesinvolvingalcoholandprostitutes.Then,therearethosewhorationalizeinfidelityasthat’sjusthowmenare.However,Linotesthatadulteryisnownolongerthepreserveofthewealthy.“Itusedtobethattokeepamistress,youneededtoberich,”hetellsTWOC.“Withtherisinguseofsocialmedia,wearestartingtoseelotsofpeoplepursuingone-nightstands,manyofwhichcanbloomintofull-onaffairs.”Asdivorcebecomeslesstaboo,datingculturemoreprevalent,andparentslessabletoexertcontrolovertheirchildren’slovelives,bothsexesarefindingmoreopportunitiestopursuetheirideallifepartner—whichmay,intheend,haveapositiveinfluenceonreducinginfidelity.There’sevenhopeforthecurrent“divorcegeneration,”Lisuggests:“Peoplecanlearnfromtheirfailedmarriagesandbetterpreparefortheirnextone.”AdditionalreportingbyTanYunfei(谭云飞)“StateofAffairs”isastoryfromourissue,“”.Toreadtheentireissue,becomeaandreceivethe.Alternatively,youcanpurchasethedigitalversionfromthe.Articleby

Ms.Wustartedeverymorningofhertwo-dayvacationinPraguewith4a.m.wake-upcalls.Beforenoon,WuandherhusbandhadheldhandsontheCharlesBridge,satwithswansbytheVltavaRiver,andkissedonthePragueCastlegrounds.Intheirrentedwhitegownandtuxedo,theysmiledagainandagainforbemusedtourists—andtwoprofessionalphotographershiredtodocumenteverymoment.Around11a.m.,Wu’sregimenwasforcedtopauseforthemiddaylightandgrowingcrowds,beforeresumingfromlateafternoontosundown(whichisaslateas9p.m.insomeareasofEuropeduringsummer).TheschedulelefttheSichuannativewithlittletimeforsightseeingorrelaxation,butWuhasnoregrets.“Ilikedthebackgroundofred-roofedhouses,”shetellsTWOC.“It’swhatwewantedforourweddingphotos.”AnauthenticBohemianbackgrounddoesn’tcomecheapfornewlywedslikeWu,whoaskedonlytobeidentifiedbyhersurname(anddeclinedtostateexactlyhowmuchshepaidforherentourage.)AsearchoflistingsonTaobaorevealspricesfrom20,000to100,000RMBfor“weddinggowntravelphotography,”orhunshalüpai(婚纱旅拍),inPrague.TheCzechcapitalisoneofthetopdestinationsforsuchphotoshootsonthePinterest-likesocialmediaplatform,LittleRedBook.WuandherhusbandmetupwiththeirChinesephotographersandmakeupartistlocally,butsomecouplespaymoretobringalongtheirownphotographerorvideographeronacustommulti-cityitinerary.Otherssplurgeonanall-inclusivetour:transportation,hotel,costumerental,languageassistance,andalocalguide.DestinationphotoshootsmaybeonereasonthatChina’sweddingphotographymarketisstillgrowingatasteadyrateof1-2percentperyear,althoughmarriagerateshavedeclinedsince2013.By2023,theindustryisexpectedtobeworth63.7billionRMB—eventhough,bythen,it’sestimatedonly60percentasmanymarriageswilltakeplaceascomparedtoadecadeago.It’snotclearwhenorhowlüpaibecametrendy,butitsriseisdefinitelyrecent.AcommonexplanationcitesTaiwanesepopsingerJayChou,whoseweddingphotosfromPraguein2014led,anecdotally,toanincreaseinwhite-cladearlyrisersposingontheCharlesBridge.Guangzhou-basedphotographerLiuXiaoyingagrees,recallingthatwhensheandherhusbandstartedtheirstudio,APlusFilm,in2014,destinationshootswereuncommon.Toattractbusiness,theycalledupweddingplanningcompaniesandslashedtheirfees.Today,though,thetwophotographersspendanaverage180daysayearabroad,flyingtomeetcouplesatadozeniconicdestinations,suchasParis,Prague,CinqueTerre,Iceland,Bali,andTurkey.Thelatteristhisyear’snewhotlüpaicountry,accordingtoLiu.“It’sthemostpopularlocationonLittleRedBook;it’sconsideredmysteriousandexotic,comparedtosomepartsofEuropewherelotsofpeoplehavegone,”shesays.“Lüpaiisdefinitelyabouttrendsandcompetition.Peopleareinfluencedtogoonthembecausetheirfriendshavebeen.”Europeremainsthequintessentiallüpaidestination,perhapsduetotheuniquehistoryofweddingphotographyinChina.Inthe1930s,itwasbrieflyinvogueforeliteShanghaibridesinwhitegownstophotographtheirWestern-stylechurchweddings,butduringtheMaoistera,the“fashion”turnedtoproletarianposesandplaingarb.NewlywedsduringtheCulturalRevolutionweremostfondofbeingphotographedwithadifferentlittleredbook:TheQuotationsofChairmanMao.BythetimeWesternweddingelementsreturnedinthe80s,theywerestrippedofreligiousceremonyandbecameconsumeristsymbolsofChina’sopeningup.PortraitstudiosprovidedbackdropswithchurchesandEuropeanarchitecturetoreinforcetheWesternaesthetic.Itwasfashionforcouplestodisplayanenlargedweddingphotointheirlivingroom;thus,asChinesehomesincreasedinsizeandsophistication,photoshootsbecamemoreelaborate.Wubelievestherecentvoguefordestinationweddingphotographyisgenerational.“Olderpeoplewereusedtotakingphotosinastudio,butmygenerationprefersmorespontaneousshotsandoutdoorsettings,”shesays.AcrossChina,thesefeelingshavesentphalanxesofnewlywedstoposeinformercolonialconcessions—GulangyuIslandinXiamen,theBundinShanghai—andareaswithimitationEuropeanarchitecture,suchasTianjin’s“FlorenceTown”housingdistrictortheWorldParkinBeijing.ButtraditionalChinesearchitecturehasalsograbbednewlyweds’attention:In2015,theImperialAncestralTempleoutsidetheForbiddenCityevenbegancharging800RMBforweddingshootsonitspremises,claimingthefeeistocompensatefortheinconveniencecausedtoothervisitors.OpinionsaboutChinesecouples’architecturaltastesaredivided.“AsapersonofChineseblood…weddingphotosinJapan,Europe,ortheUSfeeltoohackneyed;thepersondoesn’tmatchthescenery,”opinedonenewlywed,whooptedtotakephotosattheForbiddenCity,inatraveldiaryonMafengwo.com.Forothers,it’slessaboutthenationalityofthebackdrop,thantheauthenticity.“Thelocalcolorandenjoymentoftravelarenotthingsyoucanreplicate,”saysLiu.ThemajorityofLiu’slüpaiclientsarethose,likeWu,whohaveexperiencesofvisitingorstudyinginforeigncountries(whichhelpswhenapplyingforvisas).“AstheChineseeconomyimproves,thecostoftravelingabroadislowered,especiallycomparedwithtravelingdomestically,”sheexplains.RoundtripairfaretoEuropecanbeaslowas3,000RMB,whileflightswithinChinasometimesexceed2,000RMB.Thenonehastoconsiderthequalityoftheexperience.“AtmanyChinesedestinations,thoughit’sbeautiful,theinfrastructureisn’tthereforagoodtourismexperience,comparedtoEuropeancountries,”Liusays.“There’ssomethingemotionallyfulfillingaboutvisitingadevelopedcountryandseeingtheworld,seeingthediversearchitectureandcultures,thelocalscongratulatingyouastheypassby—theclientsgetalotofenjoyment.”ForWu,adestinationshootwassimplymoreinterestingthangoingtoastudioorareplica.“WegetsofewholidaysinChina,sowewantedtomakeoursspecial,”shesays.“Wewanttobeabletolookbackonourweddingphotoslaterandrecallmemories.”Evensheadmits,though,thatherphotographicitinerarywasn’tconduciveforsoakingupthelocalcolor.“AfterPrague,wewenttoAustriaforafewdays.Justus,justsightseeing—nocameras.”“GownAbroad’”isastoryfromourissue,“”.Toreadtheentireissue,becomeaandreceivethe.Alternatively,youcanpurchasethedigitalversionfromthe.ArticlebyNovember11hasarrived,andsohastheurgeto.AsloyalTWOCreaderswillknowbynow,thisso-called“SinglesDay”isnoancientfestivalof,nordoesitmarkanysolartermofthe.Instead,itwaslonelycollegestudentssometimeinthe1990s,andturneditinto“”byshoppingsites.Sincetheinternetisaplaceofboundlesscreativity,SinglesDayisnotthefirstorlast“webholiday”(网络节日)totaketheyouthworldbystorm(andmakee-merchantsseeyuansigns).Hereareafewothermodernmade-upcelebrations,intheordertheyoccurduringtheyear:Ms.Wustartedeverymorningofhertwo-dayvacationinPraguewith4a.m.wake-upcalls.Beforenoon,WuandherhusbandhadheldhandsontheCharlesBridge,satwithswansbytheVltavaRiver,andkissedonthePragueCastlegrounds.Intheirrentedwhitegownandtuxedo,theysmiledagainandagainforbemusedtourists—andtwoprofessionalphotographershiredtodocumenteverymoment.Around11a.m.,Wu’sregimenwasforcedtopauseforthemiddaylightandgrowingcrowds,beforeresumingfromlateafternoontosundown(whichisaslateas9p.m.insomeareasofEuropeduringsummer).TheschedulelefttheSichuannativewithlittletimeforsightseeingorrelaxation,butWuhasnoregrets.“Ilikedthebackgroundofred-roofedhouses,”shetellsTWOC.“It’swhatwewantedforourweddingphotos.”AnauthenticBohemianbackgrounddoesn’tcomecheapfornewlywedslikeWu,whoaskedonlytobeidentifiedbyhersurname(anddeclinedtostateexactlyhowmuchshepaidforherentourage.)AsearchoflistingsonTaobaorevealspricesfrom20,000to100,000RMBfor“weddinggowntravelphotography,”orhunshalüpai(婚纱旅拍),inPrague.TheCzechcapitalisoneofthetopdestinationsforsuchphotoshootsonthePinterest-likesocialmediaplatform,LittleRedBook.WuandherhusbandmetupwiththeirChinesephotographersandmakeupartistlocally,butsomecouplespaymoretobringalongtheirownphotographerorvideographeronacustommulti-cityitinerary.Otherssplurgeonanall-inclusivetour:transportation,hotel,costumerental,languageassistance,andalocalguide.DestinationphotoshootsmaybeonereasonthatChina’sweddingphotographymarketisstillgrowingatasteadyrateof1-2percentperyear,althoughmarriagerateshavedeclinedsince2013.By2023,theindustryisexpectedtobeworth63.7billionRMB—eventhough,bythen,it’sestimatedonly60percentasmanymarriageswilltakeplaceascomparedtoadecadeago.It’snotclearwhenorhowlüpaibecametrendy,butitsriseisdefinitelyrecent.AcommonexplanationcitesTaiwanesepopsingerJayChou,whoseweddingphotosfromPraguein2014led,anecdotally,toanincreaseinwhite-cladearlyrisersposingontheCharlesBridge.Guangzhou-basedphotographerLiuXiaoyingagrees,recallingthatwhensheandherhusbandstartedtheirstudio,APlusFilm,in2014,destinationshootswereuncommon.Toattractbusiness,theycalledupweddingplanningcompaniesandslashedtheirfees.Today,though,thetwophotographersspendanaverage180daysayearabroad,flyingtomeetcouplesatadozeniconicdestinations,suchasParis,Prague,CinqueTerre,Iceland,Bali,andTurkey.Thelatteristhisyear’snewhotlüpaicountry,accordingtoLiu.“It’sthemostpopularlocationonLittleRedBook;it’sconsideredmysteriousandexotic,comparedtosomepartsofEuropewherelotsofpeoplehavegone,”shesays.“Lüpaiisdefinitelyabouttrendsandcompetition.Peopleareinfluencedtogoonthembecausetheirfriendshavebeen.”Europeremainsthequintessentiallüpaidestination,perhapsduetotheuniquehistoryofweddingphotographyinChina.Inthe1930s,itwasbrieflyinvogueforeliteShanghaibridesinwhitegownstophotographtheirWestern-stylechurchweddings,butduringtheMaoistera,the“fashion”turnedtoproletarianposesandplaingarb.NewlywedsduringtheCulturalRevolutionweremostfondofbeingphotographedwithadifferentlittleredbook:TheQuotationsofChairmanMao.BythetimeWesternweddingelementsreturnedinthe80s,theywerestrippedofreligiousceremonyandbecameconsumeristsymbolsofChina’sopeningup.PortraitstudiosprovidedbackdropswithchurchesandEuropeanarchitecturetoreinforcetheWesternaesthetic.Itwasfashionforcouplestodisplayanenlargedweddingphotointheirlivingroom;thus,asChinesehomesincreasedinsizeandsophistication,photoshootsbecamemoreelaborate.Wubelievestherecentvoguefordestinationweddingphotographyisgenerational.“Olderpeoplewereusedtotakingphotosinastudio,butmygenerationprefersmorespontaneousshotsandoutdoorsettings,”shesays.AcrossChina,thesefeelingshavesentphalanxesofnewlywedstoposeinformercolonialconcessions—GulangyuIslandinXiamen,theBundinShanghai—andareaswithimitationEuropeanarchitecture,suchasTianjin’s“FlorenceTown”housingdistrictortheWorldParkinBeijing.ButtraditionalChinesearchitecturehasalsograbbednewlyweds’attention:In2015,theImperialAncestralTempleoutsidetheForbiddenCityevenbegancharging800RMBforweddingshootsonitspremises,claimingthefeeistocompensatefortheinconveniencecausedtoothervisitors.OpinionsaboutChinesecouples’architecturaltastesaredivided.“AsapersonofChineseblood…weddingphotosinJapan,Europe,ortheUSfeeltoohackneyed;thepersondoesn’tmatchthescenery,”opinedonenewlywed,whooptedtotakephotosattheForbiddenCity,inatraveldiaryonMafengwo.com.Forothers,it’slessaboutthenationalityofthebackdrop,thantheauthenticity.“Thelocalcolorandenjoymentoftravelarenotthingsyoucanreplicate,”saysLiu.ThemajorityofLiu’slüpaiclientsarethose,likeWu,whohaveexperiencesofvisitingorstudyinginforeigncountries(whichhelpswhenapplyingforvisas).“AstheChineseeconomyimproves,thecostoftravelingabroadislowered,especiallycomparedwithtravelingdomestically,”sheexplains.RoundtripairfaretoEuropecanbeaslowas3,000RMB,whileflightswithinChinasometimesexceed2,000RMB.Thenonehastoconsiderthequalityoftheexperience.“AtmanyChinesedestinations,thoughit’sbeautiful,theinfrastructureisn’tthereforagoodtourismexperience,comparedtoEuropeancountries,”Liusays.“There’ssomethingemotionallyfulfillingaboutvisitingadevelopedcountryandseeingtheworld,seeingthediversearchitectureandcultures,thelocalscongratulatingyouastheypassby—theclientsgetalotofenjoyment.”ForWu,adestinationshootwassimplymoreinterestingthangoingtoastudioorareplica.“WegetsofewholidaysinChina,sowewantedtomakeoursspecial,”shesays.“Wewanttobeabletolookbackonourweddingphotoslaterandrecallmemories.”Evensheadmits,though,thatherphotographicitinerarywasn’tconduciveforsoakingupthelocalcolor.“AfterPrague,wewenttoAustriaforafewdays.Justus,justsightseeing—nocameras.”“GownAbroad’”isastoryfromourissue,“”.Toreadtheentireissue,becomeaandreceivethe.Alternatively,youcanpurchasethedigitalversionfromthe.Articleby

第十八批赴黎维和部队获得扫雷排爆资质#标题分割#  第十八批赴黎维和部队获得扫雷排爆资质  参考扫雷作业手正在标示“地雷”位置。孙帅/摄  当地时间6月11日中午,中国第十八批赴黎巴嫩维和多功能工兵分队60名扫雷作业手、6名扫雷医护人员和5名排爆作业手,全部一次性通过联合国地雷行动中心的考核,同时获得扫雷、排爆两项资质。之后,他们将走上素有“中东火药桶”之称的黎巴嫩和以色列边境“蓝线”雷区,执行联合国赋予的扫雷排爆任务。  6月7日上午9时,在黎巴嫩南部辛尼亚村的扫雷训练场,由联合国地雷行动协调中心派出的考核组,围绕探雷器调试、信号源定位、地雷挖掘、雷场救援、地雷销毁、未爆物处理等13个课目30余项内容,对我第十八批赴黎维和多功能工兵分队扫雷、排爆官兵逐人逐项进行全面考核评估。历时3天,参考的71名官兵凭借精湛的技术和规范的流程,成功取得相关资质,并得到联合国地雷行动中心考官比拉尔的高度赞扬,他说:“中国扫雷部队一向出色,联合国因你们而感到自豪。”  在考核现场,3名女扫雷作业手和男兵一样穿着厚重的防护服演示扫雷作业,并以相同的标准完成了所有内容,顺利通过考核组的评估,成为中国首批执行扫雷任务的维和女军人。  “我们会按照联合国扫雷标准作业程序执行任务,积极为消除黎以边境雷患做出应有贡献。”中国第十八批赴黎维和多功能工兵分队军事副分队长徐维卿说,他们于5月29日全部部署到位后,迅速展开针对性训练,在联合国地雷行动中心的指导下设置模拟雷场,加大训练的难度、强度、险度和仿真度,使得所有参考人员在最短的时间内一次性通过资质认证。  据了解,第十八批赴黎维和多功能工兵分队由陆军第75集团军某工程防化旅为主体组建,该旅先后参加过中越边境大扫雷,援助泰国、柬埔寨和厄立特里亚扫雷教学等大项任务。自2006年我国向中东地区派出首支维和部队以来,这是该旅第12次赴黎巴嫩执行维和扫雷、排爆任务。  孙帅牛彦澧来源:中国青年报第十八批赴黎维和部队获得扫雷排爆资质#标题分割#  第十八批赴黎维和部队获得扫雷排爆资质  参考扫雷作业手正在标示“地雷”位置。孙帅/摄  当地时间6月11日中午,中国第十八批赴黎巴嫩维和多功能工兵分队60名扫雷作业手、6名扫雷医护人员和5名排爆作业手,全部一次性通过联合国地雷行动中心的考核,同时获得扫雷、排爆两项资质。之后,他们将走上素有“中东火药桶”之称的黎巴嫩和以色列边境“蓝线”雷区,执行联合国赋予的扫雷排爆任务。  6月7日上午9时,在黎巴嫩南部辛尼亚村的扫雷训练场,由联合国地雷行动协调中心派出的考核组,围绕探雷器调试、信号源定位、地雷挖掘、雷场救援、地雷销毁、未爆物处理等13个课目30余项内容,对我第十八批赴黎维和多功能工兵分队扫雷、排爆官兵逐人逐项进行全面考核评估。历时3天,参考的71名官兵凭借精湛的技术和规范的流程,成功取得相关资质,并得到联合国地雷行动中心考官比拉尔的高度赞扬,他说:“中国扫雷部队一向出色,联合国因你们而感到自豪。”  在考核现场,3名女扫雷作业手和男兵一样穿着厚重的防护服演示扫雷作业,并以相同的标准完成了所有内容,顺利通过考核组的评估,成为中国首批执行扫雷任务的维和女军人。  “我们会按照联合国扫雷标准作业程序执行任务,积极为消除黎以边境雷患做出应有贡献。”中国第十八批赴黎维和多功能工兵分队军事副分队长徐维卿说,他们于5月29日全部部署到位后,迅速展开针对性训练,在联合国地雷行动中心的指导下设置模拟雷场,加大训练的难度、强度、险度和仿真度,使得所有参考人员在最短的时间内一次性通过资质认证。  据了解,第十八批赴黎维和多功能工兵分队由陆军第75集团军某工程防化旅为主体组建,该旅先后参加过中越边境大扫雷,援助泰国、柬埔寨和厄立特里亚扫雷教学等大项任务。自2006年我国向中东地区派出首支维和部队以来,这是该旅第12次赴黎巴嫩执行维和扫雷、排爆任务。  孙帅牛彦澧来源:中国青年报




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